Blepharitis can be caused by bacterial infection or it can be a complication of a skin condition such as Rosacea or Seborrhoeic Dermatitis (Dandruff). Blepharitis is characterised by chronic inflammation of the eyelid. Signs and symptoms include; redness of the eyelid, flaking skin on the eyelid, red eye, gritty sensation in the eye, reduced vision.
Blepharitis cannot be cured, but symptoms can be contolled with good ocular hygiene. Good ocular hygiene helps ease your symptoms and stops them from reoccuring.
A cataract is the clouding of the lens inside the eye and is associated with a reduction in vision. Over time the cloudy patches become bigger and a patients vision is likely to become cloudy or blurry. If left untreated, cataracts can cause blindness.
If cataracts are mild, stronger glasses and brighter reading lights may enable people to live with the condition. However, Once cataracts start interfering with daily activities such as cooking or getting dressed, surgery is usually recommended.
Conjunctivitis is inflammation of the outermost layer of the eye (conjunctiva) and the inner surface of the eyelids. It is commonly due to an infection or allergic reaction. Signs and symptoms include; itching of the eye, watering eyes, sticky coating covering the eyelashes.
Conjunctivitis often doesn't require treatment as the symptoms usually clear up within a couple of weeks. If treatment is thought necessary, the type of treatment will depend on the cause but in most cases antibiotic eye drops can be used to clear the infection. It is recommended not to wear contact lenses until the symptoms have cleared up.
Glaucoma occurs when the drainage tubes within the eye become slightly blocked. This prevents eye fluid from draining properly. When the fluid cannot drain properly, pressure builds up which can lead to damage of the optic nerve and the nerve fibres from the retina. The only sign and symptom of the disease is the gradual loss of field of vision.
Glaucoma can be treated with eye drops, laser treatment or surgery. However, early diagnosis is important because any damage to the eyes cannot be reversed.
Treatment aims to control the condition and minimise future damage.
If left untreated, glaucoma can cause visual impairment. But if it is diagnosed and treated early enough, further damage to vision can be prevented.
Styes are often caused by bacterial infections or by the blockage of an oil gland at the base of the eyelashes. Signs and symptoms of styes include; redness, irritation, localised swelling, localised pain, tenderness, blurred vision, pus discharge.
Symptoms can be contolled with good eye hygiene. Good eye hygiene helps ease your symptoms and stops them from reoccuring. If treatment is thought necessary, the type of treatment will depend on the cause but in most cases antibiotic eye drops can be used to clear the infection. It is recommended not to wear contact lenses until the symptoms have cleared up.